CREATE DOMAIN

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CREATE DOMAIN

Defines a new domain.

Synopsis

CREATE DOMAIN name [AS] data_type [DEFAULT expression]
       [ COLLATE collation ] 
       [ CONSTRAINT constraint_name
       | NOT NULL | NULL 
       | CHECK (expression) [...]]

Description

CREATE DOMAIN creates a new domain. A domain is essentially a data type with optional constraints (restrictions on the allowed set of values). The user who defines a domain becomes its owner. The domain name must be unique among the data types and domains existing in its schema.

If a schema name is given (for example, CREATE DOMAIN myschema.mydomain ...) then the domain is created in the specified schema. Otherwise it is created in the current schema.

Domains are useful for abstracting common constraints on fields into a single location for maintenance. For example, several tables might contain email address columns, all requiring the same CHECK constraint to verify the address syntax. It is easier to define a domain rather than setting up a column constraint for each table that has an email column.

To be able to create a domain, you must have USAGE privilege on the underlying type.

Parameters

name
The name (optionally schema-qualified) of a domain to be created.
data_type
The underlying data type of the domain. This may include array specifiers.
DEFAULT expression
Specifies a default value for columns of the domain data type. The value is any variable-free expression (but subqueries are not allowed). The data type of the default expression must match the data type of the domain. If no default value is specified, then the default value is the null value. The default expression will be used in any insert operation that does not specify a value for the column. If a default value is defined for a particular column, it overrides any default associated with the domain. In turn, the domain default overrides any default value associated with the underlying data type.
COLLATE collation
An optional collation for the domain. If no collation is specified, the underlying data type's default collation is used. The underlying type must be collatable if COLLATE is specified.
CONSTRAINT constraint_name
An optional name for a constraint. If not specified, the system generates a name.
NOT NULL
Values of this domain are normally prevented from being null. However, it is still possible for a domain with this constraint to take a null value if it is assigned a matching domain type that has become null, e.g. via a left outer join, or a command such as INSERT INTO tab (domcol) VALUES ((SELECT domcol FROM tab WHERE false)).
NULL
Values of this domain are allowed to be null. This is the default. This clause is only intended for compatibility with nonstandard SQL databases. Its use is discouraged in new applications.
CHECK (expression)
CHECK clauses specify integrity constraints or tests which values of the domain must satisfy. Each constraint must be an expression producing a Boolean result. It should use the key word VALUE to refer to the value being tested. Currently, CHECK expressions cannot contain subqueries nor refer to variables other than VALUE.

Examples

Create the us_zip_code data type. A regular expression test is used to verify that the value looks like a valid US zip code.

CREATE DOMAIN us_zip_code AS TEXT CHECK 
       ( VALUE ~ '^\d{5}$' OR VALUE ~ '^\d{5}-\d{4}$' );

Compatibility

CREATE DOMAIN conforms to the SQL standard.