ALTER VIEW

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ALTER VIEW

Changes properties of a view.

Synopsis

ALTER VIEW [ IF EXISTS ] name ALTER [ COLUMN ] column_name SET DEFAULT expression

ALTER VIEW [ IF EXISTS ] name ALTER [ COLUMN ] column_name DROP DEFAULT

ALTER VIEW [ IF EXISTS ] name OWNER TO new_owner

ALTER VIEW [ IF EXISTS ] name RENAME TO new_name

ALTER VIEW [ IF EXISTS ] name SET SCHEMA new_schema

ALTER VIEW [ IF EXISTS ] name SET ( view_option_name [= view_option_value] [, ... ] )

ALTER VIEW [ IF EXISTS ] name RESET ( view_option_name [, ... ] )

Description

ALTER VIEW changes various auxiliary properties of a view. (If you want to modify the view's defining query, use CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW.

To execute this command you must be the owner of the view. To change a view's schema you must also have CREATE privilege on the new schema. To alter the owner, you must also be a direct or indirect member of the new owning role, and that role must have CREATE privilege on the view's schema. These restrictions enforce that altering the owner does not do anything you could not do by dropping and recreating the view. However, a superuser can alter ownership of any view.

Parameters

name
The name (optionally schema-qualified) of an existing view.
IF EXISTS
Do not throw an error if the view does not exist. A notice is issued in this case.
SET/DROP DEFAULT
These forms set or remove the default value for a column. A view column's default value is substituted into any INSERT or UPDATE command whose target is the view, before applying any rules or triggers for the view. The view's default will therefore take precedence over any default values from underlying relations.
new_owner
The new owner for the view.
new_name
The new name of the view.
new_schema
The new schema for the view.
SET ( view_option_name [= view_option_value] [, ... ] )
RESET ( view_option_name [, ... ] )
Sets or resets a view option. Currently supported options are:
check_option (string)
Changes the check option of the view. The value must be local or cascaded.
security_barrier (boolean)
Changes the security-barrier property of the view. The value must be a Boolean value, such as true or false.

Notes

For historical reasons, ALTER TABLE can be used with views, too; however, the only variants of ALTER TABLE that are allowed with views are equivalent to the statements shown above.

Rename the view myview to newview:

ALTER VIEW myview RENAME TO newview;

Examples

To rename the view foo to bar:

ALTER VIEW foo RENAME TO bar;

To attach a default column value to an updatable view:

CREATE TABLE base_table (id int, ts timestamptz);
CREATE VIEW a_view AS SELECT * FROM base_table;
ALTER VIEW a_view ALTER COLUMN ts SET DEFAULT now();
INSERT INTO base_table(id) VALUES(1);  -- ts will receive a NULL
INSERT INTO a_view(id) VALUES(2);  -- ts will receive the current time

Compatibility

ALTER VIEW is a Greenplum Database extension of the SQL standard.

See Also

CREATE VIEW, DROP VIEW in the Greenplum Database Utility Guide