ALTER DOMAIN

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ALTER DOMAIN

Changes the definition of a domain.

Synopsis

ALTER DOMAIN name { SET DEFAULT expression | DROP DEFAULT }

ALTER DOMAIN name { SET | DROP } NOT NULL

ALTER DOMAIN name ADD domain_constraint [ NOT VALID ]

ALTER DOMAIN name DROP CONSTRAINT [ IF EXISTS ] constraint_name [RESTRICT | CASCADE]

ALTER DOMAIN name RENAME CONSTRAINT constraint_name TO new_constraint_name

ALTER DOMAIN name VALIDATE CONSTRAINT constraint_name
  
ALTER DOMAIN name OWNER TO new_owner
  
ALTER DOMAIN name RENAME TO new_name

ALTER DOMAIN name SET SCHEMA new_schema

Description

ALTER DOMAIN changes the definition of an existing domain. There are several sub-forms:

  • SET/DROP DEFAULT — These forms set or remove the default value for a domain. Note that defaults only apply to subsequent INSERT commands. They do not affect rows already in a table using the domain.
  • SET/DROP NOT NULL — These forms change whether a domain is marked to allow NULL values or to reject NULL values. You may only SET NOT NULL when the columns using the domain contain no null values.
  • ADD domain_constraint [ NOT VALID ] — This form adds a new constraint to a domain using the same syntax as CREATE DOMAIN. When a new constraint is added to a domain, all columns using that domain will be checked against the newly added constraint. These checks can be suppressed by adding the new constraint using the NOT VALID option; the constraint can later be made valid using ALTER DOMAIN ... VALIDATE CONSTRAINT. Newly inserted or updated rows are always checked against all constraints, even those marked NOT VALID. NOT VALID is only accepted for CHECK constraints.
  • DROP CONSTRAINT [ IF EXISTS ] — This form drops constraints on a domain. If IF EXISTS is specified and the constraint does not exist, no error is thrown. In this case a notice is issued instead.
  • RENAME CONSTRAINT — This form changes the name of a constraint on a domain.
  • VALIDATE CONSTRAINT — This form validates a constraint previously added as NOT VALID, that is, verify that all data in columns using the domain satisfy the specified constraint.
  • OWNER — This form changes the owner of the domain to the specified user.
  • RENAME — This form changes the name of the domain.
  • SET SCHEMA — This form changes the schema of the domain. Any constraints associated with the domain are moved into the new schema as well.

You must own the domain to use ALTER DOMAIN. To change the schema of a domain, you must also have CREATE privilege on the new schema. To alter the owner, you must also be a direct or indirect member of the new owning role, and that role must have CREATE privilege on the domain's schema. (These restrictions enforce that altering the owner does not do anything you could not do by dropping and recreating the domain. However, a superuser can alter ownership of any domain anyway.)

Parameters

name
The name (optionally schema-qualified) of an existing domain to alter.
domain_constraint
New domain constraint for the domain.
constraint_name
Name of an existing constraint to drop or rename.
NOT VALID
Do not verify existing column data for constraint validity.
CASCADE
Automatically drop objects that depend on the constraint.
RESTRICT
Refuse to drop the constraint if there are any dependent objects. This is the default behavior.
new_name
The new name for the domain.
new_constraint_name
The new name for the constraint.
new_owner
The user name of the new owner of the domain.
new_schema
The new schema for the domain.

Examples

To add a NOT NULL constraint to a domain:

ALTER DOMAIN zipcode SET NOT NULL;

To remove a NOT NULL constraint from a domain:

ALTER DOMAIN zipcode DROP NOT NULL;

To add a check constraint to a domain:

ALTER DOMAIN zipcode ADD CONSTRAINT zipchk CHECK (char_length(VALUE) = 5);

To remove a check constraint from a domain:

ALTER DOMAIN zipcode DROP CONSTRAINT zipchk;

To rename a check constraint on a domain:

ALTER DOMAIN zipcode RENAME CONSTRAINT zipchk TO zip_check;

To move the domain into a different schema:

ALTER DOMAIN zipcode SET SCHEMA customers;

Compatibility

ALTER DOMAIN conforms to the SQL standard, except for the OWNER, RENAME, SET SCHEMA, and VALIDATE CONSTRAINT variants, which are Greenplum Database extensions. The NOT VALID clause of the ADD CONSTRAINT variant is also a Greenplum Database extension.