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Character encoding systems consist of a code that pairs each character from a character set with something else, such as a sequence of numbers or octets, to facilitate data stransmission and storage. Greenplum Database supports a variety of character sets, including single-byte character sets such as the ISO 8859 series and multiple-byte character sets such as EUC (Extended UNIX Code), UTF-8, and Mule internal code. Clients can use all supported character sets transparently, but a few are not supported for use within the server as a server-side encoding.
Data files must be in a character encoding recognized by Greenplum Database. See the Greenplum Database Reference Guide for the supported character sets. Data files that contain invalid or unsupported encoding sequences encounter errors when loading into Greenplum Database.