CREATE RESOURCE GROUP

CREATE RESOURCE GROUP

Defines a new resource group.

Synopsis

CREATE RESOURCE GROUP name WITH (group_attribute=value [, ... ])

where group_attribute is:

CPU_RATE_LIMIT=integer | CPUSET=tuple
MEMORY_LIMIT=integer
[ CONCURRENCY=integer ]
[ MEMORY_SHARED_QUOTA=integer ]
[ MEMORY_SPILL_RATIO=integer ]
[ MEMORY_AUDITOR= {vmtracker | cgroup} ]

Description

Creates a new resource group for Greenplum Database resource management. You can create resource groups to manage resources for roles or to manage the resources of a Greenplum Database external component such as PL/Container.

A resource group that you create to manage a user role identifies concurrent transaction, memory, and CPU limits for the role when resource groups are enabled. You may assign such resource groups to one or more roles.

A resource group that you create to manage the resources of a Greenplum Database external component such as PL/Container identifies the memory and CPU limits for the component when resource groups are enabled. These resource groups use cgroups for both CPU and memory management. Assignment of resource groups to external components is component-specific. For example, you assign a PL/Container resource group when you configure a PL/Container runtime. You cannot assign a resource group that you create for external components to a role, nor can you assign a resource group that you create for roles to an external component.

You must have SUPERUSER privileges to create a resource group. The maximum number of resource groups allowed in your Greenplum Database cluster is 100.

Greenplum Database pre-defines two default resource groups: admin_group and default_group. These group names, as well as the group name none, are reserved.

To set appropriate limits for resource groups, the Greenplum Database administrator must be familiar with the queries typically executed on the system, as well as the users/roles executing those queries and the external components they may be using, such as PL/Containers.

After creating a resource group for a role, assign the group to one or more roles using the ALTER ROLE or CREATE ROLE commands.

After you create a resource group to manage the CPU and memory resources of an external component, configure the external component to use the resource group. For example, configure the PL/Container runtime resource_group_id.

Parameters

name
The name of the resource group.
CONCURRENCY integer
The maximum number of concurrent transactions, including active and idle transactions, that are permitted for this resource group. The CONCURRENCY value must be an integer in the range [0 .. max_connections]. The default CONCURRENCY value for resource groups defined for roles is 20.
You must set CONCURRENCY to zero (0) for resource groups that you create for external components.
Note: You cannot set the CONCURRENCY value for the admin_group to zero (0).
CPU_RATE_LIMIT integer
CPUSET tuple
Required. You must specify only one of CPU_RATE_LIMIT or CPUSET when you create a resource group.
CPU_RATE_LIMIT is the percentage of CPU resources to allocate to this resource group. The minimum CPU percentage you can specify for a resource group is 1. The maximum is 100. The sum of the CPU_RATE_LIMIT values specified for all resource groups defined in the Greenplum Database cluster must be less than or equal to 100.
CPUSET identifies the CPU cores to reserve for this resource group. The CPU cores that you specify in tuple must be available in the system and cannot overlap with any CPU cores that you specify for other resource groups.
tuple is a comma-separated list of single core numbers or core number intervals. You must enclose tuple in single quotes, for example, '1,3-4'.
Note: You can configure CPUSET for a resource group only after you have enabled resource group-based resource management for your Greenplum Database cluster.
MEMORY_LIMIT integer
Required. The total percentage of Greenplum Database memory resources to allocate to this resource group. The minimum memory percentage you can specify for a resource group is 1. The maximum is 100. The sum of the MEMORY_LIMIT values specified for all resource groups defined in the Greenplum Database cluster must be less than or equal to 100.
MEMORY_SHARED_QUOTA integer
The quota of shared memory in the resource group. Resource groups with a MEMORY_SHARED_QUOTA threshold set aside a percentage of memory allotted to the resource group to share across transactions. This shared memory is allocated on a first-come, first-served basis as available. A transaction may use none, some, or all of this memory. The minimum memory shared quota percentage you can specify for a resource group is 0. The maximum is 100. The default MEMORY_SHARED_QUOTA value is 20.
MEMORY_SPILL_RATIO integer
The memory usage threshold for memory-intensive operators in a transaction. When this threshold is reached, a transaction spills to disk. The minimum memory spill ratio percentage you can specify for a resource group is 0. The maximum is 100. The default MEMORY_SPILL_RATIO value is 20.
MEMORY_AUDITOR {vmtracker | cgroup}
The memory auditor for the resource group. Greenplum Database employs virtual memory tracking for role resources and cgroup memory tracking for resources used by external components. The default MEMORY_AUDITOR is vmtracker. When you create a resource group with vmtracker memory auditing, Greenplum Database tracks that resource group's memory internally.
When you create a resource group specifying the cgroup MEMORY_AUDITOR, Greenplum Database defers the accounting of memory used by that resource group to cgroups. CONCURRENCY must be zero (0) for a resource group that you create for external components such as PL/Container. You cannot assign a resource group that you create for external components to a Greenplum Database role.

Notes

You cannot submit a CREATE RESOURCE GROUP command in an explicit transaction or sub-transaction.

Use the gp_toolkit.gp_resgroup_config system view to display the limit settings of all resource groups:

SELECT * FROM gp_toolkit.gp_resgroup_config;

Examples

Create a resource group with CPU and memory limit percentages of 35:

CREATE RESOURCE GROUP rgroup1 WITH (CPU_RATE_LIMIT=35, MEMORY_LIMIT=35);

Create a resource group with a concurrent transaction limit of 20, a memory limit of 15, and a CPU limit of 25:

CREATE RESOURCE GROUP rgroup2 WITH (CONCURRENCY=20, 
  MEMORY_LIMIT=15, CPU_RATE_LIMIT=25);

Create a resource group to manage PL/Container resources specifying a memory limit of 10, and a CPU limit of 10:

CREATE RESOURCE GROUP plc_run1 WITH (MEMORY_LIMIT=10, CPU_RATE_LIMIT=10,
  CONCURRENCY=0, MEMORY_AUDITOR=cgroup);

Create a resource group with a memory limit percentage of 11 to which you assign CPU cores 1 to 3:

CREATE RESOURCE GROUP rgroup3 WITH (CPUSET='1-3', MEMORY_LIMIT=11);

Compatibility

CREATE RESOURCE GROUP is a Greenplum Database extension. There is no provision for resource groups or resource management in the SQL standard.