Upgrades an existing Greenplum Database 4.2.x system without mirrors to 4.3.x.
Use gpmigrator_mirror to upgrade a 4.2.x system that has mirrors.
gpmigrator old_GPHOME_path new_GPHOME_path [-d master_data_directory] [-l logfile_directory] [-q] [--debug] [--check-only] [--skip-check] [-R] gpmigrator --version | -v gpmigrator --help | -h
The following tasks should be performed prior to executing an upgrade:
- Make sure you are logged in to the master host as the Greenplum Database superuser (gpadmin).
- Install the Greenplum Database 4.3 binaries on all Greenplum hosts.
- Copy or preserve any additional folders or files (such as backup folders) that you have added in the Greenplum data directories or $GPHOME directory. Only files or folders strictly related to Greenplum Database operations are preserved by the migration utility.
- (Optional) Run VACUUM on all databases, and remove old server log files from pg_log in your master and segment data directories. This is not required, but will reduce the size of Greenplum Database files to be backed up and migrated.
- Check for and recover any failed segments in your current Greenplum Database system (gpstate, gprecoverseg).
- (Optional, but highly recommended) Backup your current databases (gpcrondump). If you find any issues when testing your upgraded system, you can restore this backup.
- Remove the standby master from your system configuration (gpinitstandby -r).
- Do a clean shutdown of your current system (gpstop).
- Update your environment to source the 4.3 installation.
- Inform all database users of the upgrade and lockout time frame. Once the upgrade is in process, users will not be allowed on the system until the upgrade is complete.
The gpmigrator utility upgrades an existing Greenplum Database 4.2.x.x system without mirrors to 4.3. This utility updates the system catalog and internal version number, but not the actual software binaries. During the migration process, all client connections to Greenplum Database will be locked out.
- Required. The absolute path to the current version of Greenplum Database software you want to migrate away from.
- Required. The absolute path to the new version of Greenplum Database software you want to migrate to.
- -d master_data_directory
- Optional. The current master host data directory. If not specified, the value set for $MASTER_DATA_DIRECTORY will be used.
- -l logfile_directory
- The directory to write the log file. Defaults to ~/gpAdminLogs.
- -q (quiet mode)
- Run in quiet mode. Command output is not displayed on the screen, but is still written to the log file.
- -R (revert)
- In the event of an error during upgrade, reverts all changes made by gpmigrator.
- Runs pre-migrate checks to verify that your database is healthy.
- Checks include:
- Check catalog health
- Check that the Greenplum Database binaries on each segment match those on the master
- Check for a minimum amount of free disk space
Performing a pre-migration check of your database should done during a database maintenance period. If the utility detects catalog errors, the utility stops the database.
- Skip the catalog check during the normal upgrade process. This can save some time, if
a catalog check was performed separately during the upgrade process. Important: Use this option only after you have checked for catalog issues with the --check-only option and have resolved any catalog issues.
- --help | -h
- Displays the online help.
- Sets logging level to debug.
- --version | -v
- Displays the version of this utility.
Upgrade to version 4.3.x from version 4.2.x (make sure you are using the 4.3 version of gpmigrator). This example upgrades to version 18.104.22.168 from version 22.214.171.124:
/usr/local/greenplum-db-126.96.36.199/bin/gpmigrator \ /usr/local/greenplum-db-188.8.131.52 \ /usr/local/greenplum-db-184.108.40.206