REINDEX

REINDEX

Rebuilds indexes.

Synopsis

REINDEX {INDEX | TABLE | DATABASE | SYSTEM} name

Description

REINDEX rebuilds an index using the data stored in the index's table, replacing the old copy of the index. There are several scenarios in which to use REINDEX:

  • An index has become bloated, that it is contains many empty or nearly-empty pages. This can occur with B-tree indexes in Greenplum Database under certain uncommon access patterns. REINDEX provides a way to reduce the space consumption of the index by writing a new version of the index without the dead pages.
  • You have altered the fillfactor storage parameter for an index, and wish to ensure that the change has taken full effect.

Parameters

INDEX
Recreate the specified index.
TABLE
Recreate all indexes of the specified table. If the table has a secondary TOAST table, that is reindexed as well.
DATABASE
Recreate all indexes within the current database. Indexes on shared system catalogs are skipped. This form of REINDEX cannot be executed inside a transaction block.
SYSTEM
Recreate all indexes on system catalogs within the current database. Indexes on user tables are not processed. Also, indexes on shared (global) system catalogs are skipped. This form of REINDEX cannot be executed inside a transaction block.
name
The name of the specific index, table, or database to be reindexed. Index and table names may be schema-qualified. Presently, REINDEX DATABASE and REINDEX SYSTEM can only reindex the current database, so their parameter must match the current database's name.

Notes

REINDEX is similar to a drop and recreate of the index in that the index contents are rebuilt from scratch. However, the locking considerations are rather different. REINDEX locks out writes but not reads of the index's parent table. It also takes an exclusive lock on the specific index being processed, which will block reads that attempt to use that index. In contrast, DROP INDEX momentarily takes exclusive lock on the parent table, blocking both writes and reads. The subsequent CREATE INDEX locks out writes but not reads; since the index is not there, no read will attempt to use it, meaning that there will be no blocking but reads may be forced into expensive sequential scans. Another important point is that the drop/create approach invalidates any cached query plans that use the index, while REINDEX does not.

Reindexing a single index or table requires being the owner of that index or table. Reindexing a database requires being the owner of the database (note that the owner can therefore rebuild indexes of tables owned by other users). Of course, superusers can always reindex anything.

If you suspect that shared global system catalog indexes are corrupted, they can only be reindexed in Greenplum utility mode. The typical symptom of a corrupt shared index is "index is not a btree" errors, or else the server crashes immediately at startup due to reliance on the corrupted indexes. Contact Greenplum Customer Support for assistance in this situation.

Examples

Rebuild a single index:

REINDEX INDEX my_index;

Rebuild all the indexes on the table my_table:

REINDEX TABLE my_table;

Compatibility

There is no REINDEX command in the SQL standard.